The fake news network’s strategy centred on a stable of Facebook pages through which content is published and shared.

The Radical Economic Transformation network coined several hashtags to reframe national discourse. This summarises the top 20 most used hashtags within the Twitter dataset collected.

Fake news sites shared content on their Facebook pages to increase the spread of misinformation. It used fake accounts to artificially boost engagement on the content, just as it did on Twitter.

The network’s Facebook pages promoted its messages and a collection of fake users to amplify them and give users the impression that real people are engaging in a real conversation.

A summary of the relative size and importance of each topic within the top 100 hashtags based on how often the hashtags occurred in the data.

This project was supported by